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10 months ago (08/02/22) 537 Views

Case Study of Ethics Integrity and Adeptness.


The Dr. Wexford is the principal researcher of a massive research study that examines the wellbeing of 10,000 farmers. She has a huge database that contains information about health, demographics, environmental exposures diet, genetics, as well as various diseases like Parkinson’s disease, cancer (PD) as well as ALS. She just published a paper about the relationship between exposure to pesticides and PD in an internationally renowned journal. She plans to publish a number of studies using the data she has. She gets a request from another research team who wants access to her entire data set. They want to study the link between exposure to pesticides in conjunction with skin cancer. The doctor. Wexford was planning to investigate this subject. | Ethics Integrity and Aptitude

Dr. Wexford faces a difficult decision. On one hand the moral obligation of transparency requires her to share data with her research team. The agency that funds her research may have regulations that force her to share her data. However, should she share information with another team members, they could publish results she had planned to publish, taking the researcher (and the team) of the recognition and importance

It appears that there are strong arguments for both sides of the issue in the opinion of The Dr. Wexford needs to take some time to contemplate what she can do. One option is to share data in the event that the researchers sign an agreement to use the data. The agreement may define acceptable use of the data, plans for publication authorship, etc. Another option is to work with researchers.

Here are some steps that researchers, like the Dr. Wexford, can take to address ethical issues during research: | Ethics Integrity And Aptitude 

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What is the issue or problem?

It is essential to have a clear understanding of the issue. In this instance the question is whether or not to share data with other researchers.

What’s the pertinent information?

Many poor decisions can be made because of insufficient information. To be able to make the right decision the Wexford must be aware of the following. Wexford needs to have more information on such things like funding agencies, universities and journal guidelines that might be applicable to this particular situation as well as the team’s intellectual property rights, the possibility of reaching an agreement to the team that is not the same, if the other team has information that it would like to share, the effect of any potential publication and so on.

Which are various choices?

It is possible that people are unable to see various options because of a restricted imagination or ignorance, bias, or fear. In this situation there could be alternatives to share or ‘don’t share’ for example, ‘work out an agreement or offer to work with researchers.’

What ethical codes, policies, along with legal guidelines apply to these various alternatives?

The institution or agency that funds it may have policies for the management of data that can be applied in this instance. More general ethical guidelines including openness and respect for intellectual property, could apply to this situation. Intellectual property laws might be relevant.

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Are there anyone that can provide moral advice? Ethic Integrity And Aptitude 

It is possible to get advice from a coworker or a senior researcher the chair of your department as well as your ethics/compliance official, or any other person you confide in. In this instance that Wexford, Dr. Wexford might want to discuss the matter with her supervisor and her research team prior to making a decision.

After examining these issues someone who is faced with an ethical dilemma could decide to inquire further or gather more details or explore other options or look into other ethical principles. At some point, the person will need to decide and then act. In the ideal scenario, anyone who has to make a choice in an ethical situation should be competent to justify the decision to self or others as well as to employees, administrators and others who may have an impact on the choice. The person must be able to explain the the reasons for their decision and must consider the following issues to provide a rationale for how he/ came to the decision: .

  • Which option will most likely to yield the greatest overall benefits for society and science?
  • Which one of the options could be able to stand up to more scrutiny and publicity?
  • Which one of the options could you accept?
  • Consider the most intelligent person you have met. What would they respond to this situation?
  • Which one is the most ethical, fair or responsible?
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After pondering all of these concerns, one might be struggling to make a decision. If that happens, it might be advisable to think about other ways to make the choice, like using a gut feeling of intuition or feeling, seeking advice through meditation or prayer, or even flipping the coin. The acceptance of these strategies in this manner does not mean that ethical choices are not rational, however. The most important thing to remember is that the human mind plays a crucial role in ethical decision-making , however there are limitations in its capacity to resolve all ethical issues within a limited period of time.| Also Read: Best UPSC Coaching in Delhi.


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