HomeAsk The UnknownEssay WritingOthersStudy TipsWhat Is A Novel?

5 months ago (17/02/22) 130 Views

What Is A Novel?

Advertisements

What is a novel? | How to invent a novel?

Oral storytelling has been around for many years. A fairy tale, a book, a poem, an epic and a play were composed of human life, daily life, personal life, happiness and sorrow, despair and many more. This is like another world in Bengali literature. And ‘novel’ has taken a unique place in this Bengali literature. Today’s discussion revolves around this ‘ novel ‘. In this article we will discuss what the novel is and how it originated. So let’s go into the details.

 

What is a novel?

Novel which is the English synonym of Novel. And the origin of the word novel is basically from the word upanyast or upanay. This is a special branch of Bengali literature. It has added a new dimension to Bengali literature.

What is a novel? A novel is a story or an event centered on a story. The literal meaning of the novel is to say that the novel is to be placed in a suitable or special form. That is to say, in the world of prose, prolonging a story and narrating it in a special way is called a novel. In the novel, the biographies of various human beings are presented to the readers through fiction and specially written in the world of prose.

A fluent and beautiful novel contains stories, characters, narratives, dialogues, events, language etc. All these things together give birth to a novel. And how a novel is presented to the reader in a vivid way and how the human-human philosophy of life is made interesting all depends on a novelist. He who writes novels is basically a novelist.

What is a novel

 

How to invent a novel?

In 179, the main background in the literary world was created with the important people around the overthrow of the monarchy, the French Revolution, the practice of democracy, American independence, the establishment of human rights, etc. In this way, their life philosophy, life practice is all centered around their life as a novel in prose literature. However, it is said that the nineteenth century is very important for writing novels. During this period the novel took its own place in Bengali literature. A new branch called novel was born in the world of literature.

Advertisements

 

Definition of the novel seems to be the most difficult task among the literary forms. Because, in the age of so many varied blows, ups and downs and break-ups of time and society, the novel has emerged that it is not possible to determine the nature of the novel by any specific criteria. The emergence of the novel deals with the question of the evolution of sociology, the economic structure, the human psyche, and the complex evolution of existence. The emergence of the novel in Europe as the art form of the conflicting, complex, diverse and dynamic life of post-Renaissance man, the new life-thinking, the massive expansion of the middle class under the guise of commercial capital and the post-industrial revolution civilization. So the novel has faced the ordeal of the reality of society and life since its birth. The character of this reality varies from society to society.

There is no end to the discussion in determining the definition of a novel, its subject matter and its form. Critics of the West and the East have long engaged in debates and adjectives, but they have not been able to reach a definitive conclusion. Nevertheless, it is possible to determine the definition of a novel by judging its characteristics and features of subject and form.

In this context, it is worth mentioning that the definition of the novel and the subject-matter judgment follow the character and tastes of the time and society. Ernest Hemingway’s ‘Oldman and the Sea’ and Liu Tolstoy’s ‘War and Peace’ are recognized as novels, despite their differences in size, character and event. Herman Melavil’s ‘Mobidik’ and James Joyce’s ‘Ulysses’, or Bankimchandra’s ‘Kapalakundla’ and Rabindranath’s ‘Gora’, Syed Waliullah’s ‘Moon’s New Moon’, and Shahidula Kaiser’s ‘Sangsaptak’ differ in size, characterization and subject matter. But all are marked and specialized as novels. However, there are some basic features in those books, on the basis of which those books are classified as novels.

In the light of the above concept we can determine a general definition of the novel. A novel is a narrative work in which the real life of a person is expressed in a combination of the writer’s views on life. Prose language is the vehicle of publication of novels as it is incidental and descriptive. Human life is complex, complex and varied. The volume of each novel is different as it reflects the multifaceted nature of life. Proof of this can be found only by judging Rabindranath’s ‘Gora’ and ‘Shesher Kavita’. Remember, novels are not just stories or events. Numerous events happen in human life. Some events are logically disciplined and some do not. That is why there must be a logical order in the events of the novel. A novel with a combination of the author’s point of view, characters and events will become justified.

The elements and structure of the novel

The number of elements in the novel is 7. The number of concrete elements – 6. For example, plot, character, point of view, background, time, and language. The novel’s adjectives refer to the author’s philosophy of life as abstract elements.

Plot

In the early days of novel writing in English literature, the influence of the Greek literary theorist and critic Aristotle’s concept of plot was the greatest. Aristotle discusses plots in his Poetics said, the whole form of a single action is imitated in the plot. An attempt is made to maintain the structural unity between the different parts in such a way that if one part is moved from within, the whole structure of the plot will collapse (So the plot being an imitation of an action, must imitate one action and that a whole, the structural vision the parts being such that, if any one of them in displaced or removed, the whole will be disjoined and disturbed). According to Aristotle, plot is a whole and relation of action. Elsewhere, he says that plot is an arrangement of events, and in the beginning of this event, There will be unity between the middle and the inner. He divided the plot into two categories, simple and complex. His idea of ​​complex plots paved the way for the possibility of further transformation of plot thinking.

Advertisements

In today’s judgment, there may be imperfections in Aristotle’s ideas, but it was not until the latter half of the nineteenth century that this idea was widely adopted by the theoretical and theoretical novelists. Early novelists in English literature, such as Richardson and Henry Fielding, adopted Chashar and Jhartu (story) in the same sense. They have tried to give the story a unified look. But over time, that is likely to change. The fact that the embodiment of the human character in the novel-like action or apararha is becoming clear. Events, characters, character thoughts, feelings, His theories or philosophies about life also became important. Henry James, in his essay The Art of Fiction (184), explores the similarities between the plot and the story. In the twentieth century, the importance of time was recognized in the plot thinking of the novel. Plots are called causal disciplines from the sense that events in human life are in fact manifestations of time. The flow of this period is similar to the outward appearance of thoughts, feelings, The same in terms of memory-dream-imagination. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the first successful novelist of Bengali literature, took the plot as a sequence of events. His novel ‘Kapalakundla’ is a perfect example of plotting. In the implementation of historical events also in ‘Rajsingh’ or ‘Ananda Math’ the traditional style of plot layout is followed. Rabindranath Tagore was the first to integrate the plot into the unity of time and consciousness. The sequence of stories or events in his novel ‘The Last Poem’ is not only a series of sequences, but also a means of expressing the consciousness, feelings, imagination and philosophy of modern educated man and woman.

See also  Dental care tips

Character

The importance of character is paramount among the physical elements of the novel. For, the need for the creation of the novel and the embodiment of the whole life of man and woman including the inner and outer made the birth of the novel possible. Aristotle valued plot more than character. He discusses the structure of the tragedy in six parts. For example, plot, character, language, thought, scene and music. First he discusses the plot. Then the character. But the pot that imitates the work of life is undoubtedly human. Despite the limitations of experience and illustration, Aristotle was able to point out the real field of character.

Nineteenth-century novelists placed more emphasis on narration. Many early twentieth-century novels also have a variety of narratives. But through the description, the external appearance of the character, the movements, the events of daily life can be presented. Something more than description is needed to unravel the nature of the character. George Meredith probably said from this thought: ‘Not only do you have to paint the eyelids, you also have to give insight into the eyes.’ As the importance of human personality increased during the French Revolution and the post-industrial revolution, so did the character’s position in the novel. The portrayal of characters in Bankimchandra’s novels is largely descriptive. Character activism is responsible for the society, the events in the novel and the ideology of the novelist. The author says about the character of Ayesha in the novel ‘Durgeshanandini’: ‘Like the lotus flower in the garden, Ayesha is like that in this story. ‘ That is, throughout the novel, Ayesha is presented in need of events. He is not self-reliant in his personality and work style. E.M. Forster calls this type of character Flat Character. This type of character does not control the events of the novel. Only by staying passive with events. But the character that is presented with the shape-nature from the beginning of the novel and is active with clear indications of its future movement, dominance, psychological change and evolution, is called Round Character or Nitol character. In the novel ‘Sand of Eyes’, Rabindranath has portrayed the character of Binodini from the very beginning, his past, present and future possibilities. As a result, the character becomes the whole. Forster calls this type of character Flat Character. This type of character does not control the events of the novel. Only by staying passive with events. But the character that is presented with the shape-nature from the beginning of the novel and is active with clear indications of its future movement, dominance, psychological change and evolution, is called Round Character or Nitol character. In the novel ‘Sand of Eyes’, Rabindranath has portrayed the character of Binodini from the very beginning, his past, present and future possibilities. As a result, the character becomes the whole. Forster calls this type of character Flat Character. This type of character does not control the events of the novel. Only by staying passive with events. But the character that is presented with the shape-nature from the beginning of the novel and is active with clear indications of its future movement, dominance, psychological change and evolution, is called Round Character or Nitol character. In the novel ‘Sand of Eyes’, Rabindranath has portrayed the character of Binodini from the very beginning, his past, present and future possibilities. As a result, the character becomes the whole. Depicts the present and future possibilities. As a result, the character becomes the whole. Depicts the present and future possibilities. As a result, the character becomes the whole.

The characterization of the novel ‘Chaturanga’ can be taken as an example in this context. Shachisha, Jagmohan, Damini and Sribilas these are the four characters in which Rabindranath’s vision is identical. Sribilas Flat Character. There is no indication of the evolution of his character in the novel – it is the same throughout. There is no hint or relevance of his mental change in the novel. Indications of the nature and evolution of Shachisha and Damini are evident from the beginning. This method has been adopted in the characterization of almost every novel of Rabindranath. Binodini of ‘Chokher Bali’, Gora of the novel ‘Gora’, Kumudini of ‘Sanyogaye’, Amit and Lavanya of ‘Shesher Kavita’ are illustrated and consonantal.

Chaturanga’ reveals the whole nature of Bindranath’s commentary on the Shachisha relationship. For example, ‘Shachisha looks as if an astrologer is shining in his eyes. His slender long fingers are like flames of fire, the color of his skin is not color, it is a tinge. When I saw Shachisha, it was as if I saw his inner soul. ‘ The writer’s point of view about Damini is identical. For example, ‘Damini is like Kamini inside the Shravan cloud’. Outside he is full of youth, in his heart a fiery fire is rising. ‘ Shachisha and Damini’s inner world has also been exposed in this way. In the novel ‘The Last Poem’, Rabindranath has outlined the form, nature and consequences of Amit Roy and Lavanya’s character.

1. Amit’s intoxication is in style. Not only in literary selection, but also in dress. There is a special pattern in his face. This is not just one of the five, he is the fifth. … Beard-shaven shaven-skinned, dark-skinned, full-bodied, full of cheerfulness, eyes fluttering, smiles fluttering, movements moving, it is not too late to respond to words; The mind is such a kind of sparkle that the spark falls when it is knocked a little.

2. The only hobby of the father was education, in the girl he was completely satisfied with that hobby. He loved her more than his own library. He believed that in the practice of knowledge, all the cracks die as if the gas of thought is pushed from below where the mind becomes solid. She doesn’t need to marry people. He firmly believes that the soft soil that could have remained in his daughter’s mind worthy of husbandly service has been cemented in the history of mathematics  a very strong mature mind that can be called না it does not stain when scratched from the outside. There has been a dramatic change in attitudes towards characterization in the novel. But in the unveiling of any truth of life, the inevitability of character remains intact.

See also  How old is the Thumb?
Advertisements

Point of view

According to twentieth-century Western novelists, perspective is the most effective element of the novel. The presentation technique of events, characters or other elements depends on the perspective. The way of seeing and showing the life of a novelist is determined by the point of view. The narrative presentation of the events that I noticed in the first stage of writing the novel, in which the author himself would narrate all the events, the nature of the character and the incidental context. After the establishment of the dominance of human character in the novel, the perspective of the central character began to be applied. In memoirs or autobiographical novels, the protagonist speaks for himself. In addition to the author’s sole control over the whole event or the main character’s point of view, a third character can also describe the event in the novel.
When the author narrates the events of the novel indifferently, it is called the author’s omniscient point of view. When the story is told in the words of the main character or the protagonist, he is referred to as the first person`s point of view. Peripherid character is the perspective of a character who is on the edge of events. Percy Lubbock, a noted novelist of the first half of the twentieth century, was the first to explicitly state the inevitability of perspective in his book Craft of Fiction (1921). According to him, the journey of the fiction industry started effectively from the day the novelist started thinking that, ‘His story is a subject that needs to be shown in the event that it happens and in such a way that the story speaks for itself. In other words, if the novelist himself gives the details of the story, it is not a successful art of the novel. Let the events and the characters appear before us and tell the story by themselves and by acting. Showing is the novel’s own art form, not telling. ‘ According to Lubbock, perspective is the most complex aspect of the novel’s art form. After Percy Lubbock, E. M. Forster, J. W.W. Beach, Mark Schuerr, Norman Friedman, and other novelists put the significance of perspective at the center of fiction. W.W. Beach, Mark Schuerr, Norman Friedman, and other novelists put the significance of perspective at the center of fiction. W.W. Beach, Mark Schuerr, Norman Friedman, and other novelists put the significance of perspective at the center of fiction.

In order to understand a novel in depth, one has to understand the nature of the writer’s point of view. All the novels except Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay’s only ‘Rajoni’ have been narrated from the point of view of an omniscient writer. Rajini’s main character’s point of view has been applied. Rabindranath made groundbreaking changes in the use of perspective. His ‘Sand of the Eyes’ and ‘Blonde’ are presented from the point of view of the omniscient writer. Multiple character perspectives have been used in the novel ‘Chaturanga’. The use of Nikhilesh, Sandeep and Bimala’s perspectives in the novel ‘Ghare-Baire’ has added a new dimension to the novel art. Although the author’s omniscient point of view is used in ‘The Last Poem’, his point of view has also been given importance in the need to reveal the inner world of the characters (especially Amit and Lavanya).

Rabindra’s later use of perspectives has been extensively tested. The technique of applying perspective has become one of the main criteria in judging the novel.

Background

Each of the events and characters in the novel has a place or background in its interactions. No event or action takes place from nothing. That is why a background of events or subjects becomes inevitable. In the second half of the nineteenth century, William Thackeray, Charles Dickens, George Elliott considered the background seriously. Dickens describes the place or background in harmony with the needs of the character and the event. To George Elliott the presence of the background is directly related to character drawing.

This concept is widely established in the twentieth century. Some people want to value the background individually. But the success of the backdrop or space, combined with all the other elements of the novel. The ‘last poem’ is far from the place of the novel or the background civic noise. Rabindranath has skillfully used the theme of the secluded environment of Shillong hills in presenting the content of the novel and the inter-world interactions of the characters.

Time

Advertisements

There was also talk of unity of time. However, the unity of action was of the utmost importance to him. Then came the topic of Unity of place and the unity of time. The significance of time has been important to the writer since the earliest period of novel writing. In his novel Clarissa, Samuel Richardson carefully follows the passage of time in applying the letter-writing method. The passage of time is also followed in Henry Fielding’s novel Tom Jones. But they did not consider time an important element of the novel. You just have to be more discriminating with the help you render toward other people. The significance of time is not consciously recognized in the novels of the first half of the nineteenth century. Henry James took the first period as an important element in the structural unity of the novel. In his discussion of Balzac’s novels, he explores the mysteries of time. He has tried to understand the importance of time in two contexts:

1. The mystery of summarizing characters and events;

2. Revealing the period and elapsed time of the content of the novel.

In his opinion, it is very important to give the inevitability of the functionality of time by using the element called time properly in the novel. He wanted to see the elements of time used in the work of Organic Unity of the novel. In the twentieth century, however, the relevance of time is taken seriously in novels. Novelists such as Proust, Dorothy Richardson, and James Joyce placed the concept of time at the center of fiction.

The complex truths of the human mind, its dream world, the complex edges of the conscious-unconscious are presented through the psychological application of time, and after the two world wars time began to be used in novels from different perspectives. The practical features of time in the case of readers, writers, content, descriptions, perspectives, etc., are one of the most important aspects of recent fiction.

The language and style of the novel

The language that made the novel stand out from other literary forms since its inception is its language. Elements like story, story, character etc. existed in tragedy or epic. But prose language is the medium of expression for the need to draw realistic, artificial, complex and polygonal forms of life. Language is inextricably linked with the writer’s outlook on life and creation. The narrative of the novel, the treatment, the presentation of the place or background, the application of the inevitable language in determining the form and form of the character is desirable for any novelist. It is only by maintaining the harmony of language with the subject matter of the novel that a novel becomes accurate and complete. This language separates one novel from another, from one author to another. It cannot be said that Rabindranath and Buddhadev Basui are the best narrators of novels and stories. Tarashankar Banerjee, Manik Bandyopadhyay, Syed Waliullah’s rough hard prose is also a suitable language for the novel. Evidence of experimentation and dynamism in the use of this language is the invention of diverse careers. The need to present the subject matter, characters, space and time of the novel in a proper manner has led to the invention of diverse care. All these services have been identified as Narrative, Poetic, Dramatic, Pictorial, Symbolic, Analytical etc.

See also  How to gain Weight

The mere descriptions that underestimate the allure of the novel are evidenced by the novels of the early period of English literature and Parichand Mitra’s Alal Gharer Dulal (1857). Bankimchandra has used theatrical care in parallel with Kabyanug’s care for the need to create romance in history. All the cares can be used in a novel to reveal the nature of the environment and the situation. However, the nature of the subject matter of the novel takes on a main character. Due to the introspection of Rabindranath’s ‘Sand of the Eyes’, mainly analytical, the epic metaphor of ‘Gora’ is descriptive and the theme of ‘Last Poem’ has been presented in the poetic service.

Advertisements

Life philosophy, way of life or way of life – The meaning of the philosophy of life as an abstract element of the novel is surpassed by all other physical elements. The writer’s life philosophy or life meaning is formed by assimilating the personality of the writer, personal feelings and views of life, time and social aspects. When a novelist concentrates on writing a novel, it is not that he is simply an ideal impersonal man in general, He wrote an Implied Version of his own being. Although this commentary on the essence of the entity is found in other literary forms, its value is unique in the case of the novel. This authorship which is inherent in the novelist has also been termed as ‘second entity’. In each novel of an author, the expression of this author-entity is expressed individually. Through the inevitability of the combined use of bodily elements, the novelist basically expresses his life theory or philosophy. In the early days of novel writing, the question of philosophy of life, like other physical elements, would have remained unanswered as a result of the extreme attention paid to narration. But from the second half of the nineteenth century onwards, the expression of the author’s life philosophy in novels in all languages ​​of the world began to intensify. Some history, some contemporary time and society, Again some have expressed this philosophy through the actions and thoughts of the individual. There is a statement about life in almost every novel of Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay. But with the exception of one or two novels, the combination of all the other elements did not make it right. We know the theory of universality of Rabindranath’s novel ‘Gora’. The novel focuses on events, other characters and a wide range of social life, showing the diversity and passage of the white character. Rabindranath has expressed his philosophy of life through the passage of Gora or his progress towards reconciliation. Although the ‘last poem’ is poetic in style, the theory of the eternity of love that has been uttered at the end of this novel is in fact Rabindranath’s philosophy of life. In this way the inevitability of philosophy of life has been recognized in modern novels. That is actually the life philosophy of Rabindranath. In this way the inevitability of philosophy of life has been recognized in modern novels. That is actually the life philosophy of Rabindranath. In this way the inevitability of philosophy of life has been recognized in modern novels. The diversity and passage of the white character has been shown focusing on other characters and a wide range of social life. Rabindranath has expressed his philosophy of life through the passage of Gora or his progress towards reconciliation. Although the ‘last poem’ is poetic in style, the theory of the eternity of love that has been uttered at the end of this novel is in fact Rabindranath’s philosophy of life. In this way the inevitability of philosophy of life has been recognized in modern novels. The diversity and passage of the white character has been shown focusing on other characters and a wide range of social life. Rabindranath has expressed his philosophy of life through the passage of Gora or his progress towards reconciliation. Although the ‘last poem’ is poetic in style, the theory of the eternity of love that has been uttered at the end of this novel is in fact Rabindranath’s philosophy of life. In this way the inevitability of philosophy of life has been recognized in modern novels.

 

Classification of the novel

There are several categories of novels in Bengali literature depending on the subject matter. Those are:

  • Social novels.
  • Regional novels.
  • Historical novel.
  • Poetic novel.
  • Mystery novel.
  • Thriller.
  • Detective novels.
  • Humorous novel.
  • Political novels.
  • Patropanas.
  • Psychological novels etc.

We have learned from the above writing what a novel is, about the invention of the novel. Now let’s know in more detail about the classification of the novel.

  • Social novels: Social novels are a special category within the novel classification. Here usually different images of the society, the problems are highlighted.
  • Regional Novel: This type of novel is basically a set of stories or characters set around a specific region.
  • Historical Novel: This historical novel is based on a historical event. Historical novels are written about the history and culture of the past.
  • Poetic Novel: This type of novel is written by the person who writes, that is, the author’s life philosophy, thought-consciousness predominates.
  • Mystery novels : These mystery novels are composed or arranged around various mysteries, fears. The reader is immersed in the depths of writing to unravel the mystery.
  • Thriller Novel: We all know the meaning of romance. Fictional or unreal, full of excitement, emerges in this kind of novel.
  • Detective novel: This type of novel is written by mixing detective and crime. In this kind of novel, the mind of the reader is aroused by the tension.
  • Humorous novel: In this type of novel, the writer writes humorously around the character and focuses on the inconsistent content.
  • Political Novel: This novel has a political background. Political events, ideologies, protests are all in this class of novels.
  • Patropanas : This type of novel is very interesting. It consists of novels written around different letters. This novel is composed in the form of letters.
  • Psychological novel: The various complex aspects of the human mind are highlighted in a different way in this novel. The novel is based on the thoughts, actions, reactions and conflicts of the human mind.

In conclusion , the main point of this whole article is to know what a novel is. In order to know what a novel really is, one must also know its origins, because its entry into the world of literature is very significant.


Post Category: Ask The Unknown, Essay Writing, Others, Study Tips Added by

About 117

author

I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

You must be Logged in to post comment.