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Singapore is the city of Joy.

HomeTravel Review › Posted by , 24/10/22

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Singapore is the city of joy.

Singapore is an island nation in Southeast Asia. The country of Singapore is located near the Malay Peninsula. Its official name is the Republic of Singapore (Malay: Republik Singapura, Republic of Singapore; English: Republic of Singapore).

Naming
The name “Singapore” comes from the Malay language Singapura Singapura. The word Singapore comes from the Sanskrit word Sinhapura Sinhapura, which translates to Sinhapur in Bengali.

Politics
A parliamentary republic is structured. The Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government. A political party has more influence in the country. The executive power of the country is vested in the hands of the government. The legislative power rests with the government and the legislature. Judiciary is independent from executive and legislative branches. Members of the legislature are elected by popular vote. Although the President is the head of state, his role is largely decorative. However, recently the range of powers of the President has been increased somewhat.

Since the 1959 election, Singaporean politics has been controlled by the People’s Action Party. Although there are several opposition parties, they are not represented in power. Therefore, many foreign observers regard Singapore as a de facto one-party regime. However, Singapore’s government has always been known to the outside world as a transparent, corruption-free government. Singapore has long been the most corruption-free country in Asia, according to Transparency International.

Administrative Regions
Geography
Singapore is a small and heavily urbanized island nation. It is located in Southeast Asia at the southernmost tip of the Malay Peninsula, between Malaysia and Indonesia. The total land area of Singapore is 699 square kilometers which seems small but the country is very beautiful. The length of its coastline is 193 km. It is separated from Malaysia by the Johor Strait and from Indonesia by the Singapore Strait.

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Singapore’s mainland is a diamond-shaped island, but several smaller islands lie within its administrative boundaries. Among them, Pedra Branca is the farthest island from Singapore. Of the dozens of smaller islands within Singapore’s borders, Jurong Island, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin and Sentosa are notably larger.

Most of Singapore Island is not more than 15 meters above sea level. The highest point in Singapore is Bukit Timah; It is a granite rock at a height of 164 meters above sea level. The north-west of Singapore consists of small hills and valleys made up of sedimentary rocks, while the east consists mainly of sandy plains. There are no natural lakes in Singapore, but artificial reservoirs have been constructed to provide fresh water.

The Singapore administration continues to increase the country’s land area by collecting soil from the seabed, mountains and other countries. In the 1960s, the country’s area was about 582 square kilometers, now it is 699 square kilometers and by 2033 it will increase by another 100 square kilometers.

The climate
As Singapore is located only 1 degree north of the equator, the climate here is equatorial in nature.

Population
Singapore has a population of about five million.

Culture
Although Singapore’s culture is Western, there are orthodox Hinduism, orthodox Christianity, orthodox Islam (Malay culture) and orthodox Buddhism (Chinese culture).

The language
Singapore has 4 official languages. These are: English, Tamil, Chinese, Malay and Mandarin. English is the common language here. Also English is mainly used in business, education and government activities. About 80% of Singaporeans speak English, 65% speak Mandarin, 17% speak Malay and 4% speak Tamil. To avoid conflict with Malay-speaking neighbors Malaysia and Indonesia, the Singaporean government adopted Malay as its national language in 1960 after gaining independence from Britain. Singapore’s national anthem is also written in Malay.

Education

Canadian International School in Singapore
Singapore’s education system is mainly run by the state. At the same time, private initiatives and positions are also recognized there. However, private institutions must be registered by the Ministry of Education before operating. The education system here is English medium. Teaching and examination in educational institutions are all conducted in English.

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Primary education is compulsory in Singapore. Singapore’s education system generally operates at three levels: primary, secondary and pre-university. Singapore has 6 public universities, including the National University of Singapore and Nanyang University of Technology, one of the top 20 universities in the world. Singapore has a global reputation for its quality education system.

The country is ranked 8th in the world on the Global Innovation Index. In the Asian region this is the highest.

Tourism
Tourism is one of Singapore’s major industries and contributes greatly to the country’s economy. Millions of tourists visit Singapore every year.

Night Safari
Singapore Zoo, the world’s first and only night safari. In the night safari, the tourists travel by tram among the various animals inside the forest late at night. Tiger, deer, bear, elephant, camel, crocodile are among the safari animals. In this safari, the animals roam freely.

Marlaon Park
Merlin or lion-fish is a symbol of Singaporean pride, a symbol of bravery. It is said that long ago when Singapore was known as Temasek or Sea City, a huge sea storm hit the island. Just when the inhabitants surrendered themselves to God, a lion-fish-shaped beast came from the sea and fought against the storm and saved the inhabitants. And since then, the lion-fish named Merlin is a symbol of pride and bravery of Singaporeans. The statue of Merlin is located at Marlawn Park in Marina Bay.

Bird Park
Bird Park is one of the attractions of Singapore. There is a wide variety of birds as well as a variety of sports performed by trained birders. Various species of birds including vultures, cranes, pelicans, tias live here.

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The economy
Before independence in 1965, Singapore was a ‘Crown Colony’ under the British. The island was the main British naval base in East Asia. Singapore was then called the ‘Gibraltar of the East’ as it was the main base of the British Navy. After the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, sea trade between Europe and Asia increased, just as Singapore began to be used as the world’s major seaport.

In 1965, the year of independence, the per capita income of this country was 516 US dollars. This 516 U.S. The dollar was then the third highest in East Asia. After independence, Singapore’s economy gradually began to strengthen as a result of investment in the country from Europe. In the mid-eighties, this country attained the status of a developed country. Singapore ranks ninth in the world on the United Nations Human Development Index. Singapore is one of the founding members of ASEAN.

Although it is the size of an urban area, its GDP is equivalent to the combined GDP of Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore in India. China, Malaysia and the European Union are the main trading partners of the country.

Demographics
The Malay language, various dialects of the Chinese language, the English language and Tamil are jointly the official languages ​​of Singapore. Besides, about 20 other languages ​​are spoken here. Among them Japanese language, Korean language, Malayalam language, Punjabi language and Thai language are notable. The English language serves as the universal language or lingua franca. English language is also used in international activities.

  • Religion
    Main article: Religion in Singapore
    Religion in Singapore, 2015
    Religion percentage
    Buddhist 33.2%
    Christians 18.8%
    18.5% non-religious
    Islam 14.0%
    Taoism and other folk Chinese religions 10.0%
    Hindu 5.0%
    Other 0.6%
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